Ontario Crown Land Camping: Your Guide to Finding Free Campsites

Over the last year or so there has been an explosion in the popularity of Ontario Crown land camping. Since so many people have gotten into camping this year, it has become very difficult to book campsites at many provincial parks. Plus, it seems like the campsite fees at the parks never stop increasing. All this is driving more and more people to try out Crown Land camping.

The biggest challenge is that there aren’t a lot of great resources for finding Crown land campsites in Ontario. The Crown Land Use Policy Atlas is alright, plus there are dozens (hundreds?) of maps and guidebooks supposedly spelling out where all the sites are. But if you’re new to Crown land camping, it can all be a little overwhelming.

In this post, I hope to make finding Crown Land campsites a little more manageable! The post is divided into the following sections:

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What is Crown Land Camping?

Crown Land is land managed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. That is to say, it’s basically just land owned and managed by the government. About 87% of Ontario is Crown Land, including the 10% that is managed by provincial parks and conservation areas. When we talk about Crown Land for camping purposes, we’re usually talking about the 77% that isn’t in a provincial park or conservation area.

Why Is It Called ‘Crown Land’?

It’s called Crown land because it is owned by the federal / provincial governments and is thus in the ‘royal domain’ (because Canada’s head of state is the Queen).

A lot of people (myself included) don’t like the term ‘Crown land’ because of its colonial, genocidal underpinnings. That’s a discussion for another blog post though. For this blog post, I’ll call it Crown land because that’s technically what it’s called and it’s what most people are familiar with.

What Does It Mean to Camp on Crown Land?

‘Crown Land Camping’ means different things to different people. Some people are interested in campsites with road access, so they can car camp or bring their trailer. Others are interested in campsites they can hike or paddle to. Either way, camping on Crown land does not require a reservation and there are no camping fees.

Sounds amazing, but it’s not all rainbows and sunshine, unfortunately. In most cases, people want a free campsite away from other people that isn’t too far from where they live. These constraints are what make Ontario Crown land camping difficult to find (especially for beginners or those living in southern Ontario).

One of my favourite Ontario crown land camping spots. Image shows a pot on a campfire in front of a lake and pine trees.

Why it can be “difficult” to find Crown Land Camping

While Ontario crown land camping is free in the money department, it’ll cost you in another department. Time. Finding crown land sites is difficult.

There Isn’t Much Crown Land Near Where People Live

If 77% of the province is Crown land, it should be easy to find campsites, right?

Many of the people asking about Crown land campsites in Facebook Groups are from Southern Ontario, like Toronto and London. There is virtually no Crown Land in Southern Ontario. There are other places to camp (which I’ll detail further in this post), but there just isn’t much Crown land.

And the Crown land campsites that do exist are extremely popular and have a tendency of getting trashed. For example, McCrae Lake on Georgian Bay is Crown land and is packed every weekend in the summer.

So if you’re coming from southern Ontario, you’re likely going to have at least a four-hour drive to any Crown land.

It Takes Time to Find Sites

An added complication is that it can take a lot of time to find campsites – especially when it comes to campsites you can drive to or campsites that only have a short paddle or hike. People do not readily share their campsites (more on that below), and the resources available are not precise. That means you may have some exploration to do to find your campsite.

For example, during one of my recent trips, we expected to find some campsites in a particular area. We never found the sites and ended up sleeping in the truck. The next day we tried again and we were successful in finding a lovely Crown land campsite. A lot of people, especially those coming from southern Ontario for a weekend trip, want the guarantee that they’ll find a campsite quickly, and that often isn’t the case.

An alternative to Ontario crown land camping is using parks that have backcountry permit systems. Imagine shows green canoe in front of a large lake with pines trees.

People Don’t Want to Share Their Spots

Wouldn’t it be so much easier if people could map out exactly where the nice Crown Land campsites were? In theory, yes. But people do not like sharing their knowledge of campsites, and there are a few reasons for this.

For starters, any Crown Land campsites that have become largely known to the camping community have quickly been overpopulated and trashed (i.e. McCrae Lake on Georgian Bay, High Falls in the Kawarthas). People don’t want the site they love facing the same fate.

They also don’t want to show up at their favourite site only to find someone else is there. Keeping it a secret ensures it’ll be available to them when they need it.

Finally, many people are of the belief that finding Crown Land campsites should require work. Not everything about camping needs to be spoon-fed to people. If you want a guaranteed campsite that is easy to find, go to Ontario Parks. If you want something free and away from other people, be willing to do the work to find it.

Voyageur Tripper’s Views on Ontario Crown Land Camping

So where do I come into all of this? Seeing as I’ve built a sizable blog around sharing backcountry camping resources and route guides, you might be surprised by my take.

I believe in providing beginners with all of the resources they need to explore the backcountry safely. I write guides on skill development and develop detailed trip reports on canoeing and hiking routes. I will share any route that exists within an Ontario Park or National Park. I don’t believe in gatekeeping this information.

That said, Crown Land camping is different. I will share canoeing and backpacking routes in Northern Ontario that are on Crown Land (all of those routes are listed here). However, I won’t share individual Crown Land campsites that are not part of an established canoeing / hiking route (especially those that can be driven to). I agree that not all information needs to be available online.

Sun is setting on a lake surrounded by pine trees in Temagami, one of my favourite places for crown land camping in Ontario.

Resources for Finding Ontario Crown Land Camping

Crown Land Use Policy Atlas

The most important resource for finding Ontario Crown land camping is the policy atlas. This is an interactive map of Ontario that indicates what land use is permitted throughout the province.

To be completely honest, the atlas is kind of difficult to use (the next section is dedicated to using the atlas). It’s slow to load and it’s colour-coded in various shades of green, yellow and grey. When I first started looking using the atlas, I was constantly thinking “okay but is this the light yellow or the dark yellow – how do colour-blind people do this?!?”

Now, the atlas isn’t perfect. It’ll tell you what land is fair game for Crown Land camping, however, it won’t tell you if there are campsites or access roads to get to it. For that, you’ll need some other resources.

Maps & Guidebooks

Backroads Mapbook – I haven’t used one of these in a while, but apparently, the company has made a serious push to include specific campsite locations on crown land camp, both in Ontario and throughout the provinces.

Kevin Callan Guidebooks – Kevin Callan has a tremendous volume of guidebooks and canoe route ideas. Some of his books are specific to provincial parks (i.e. his books on Algonquin or Killarney & The French River), whereas others detail ‘lost’ or ‘uncommon’ canoe routes, many of which are on crown land.

Hap Wilson Guidebooks – Another excellent resource would be Hap Wilson’s guidebooks. One of my personal favourites is Rivers of the Upper Ottawa Valley and Temagami: A Wilderness Paradise is excellent too. Pair these with a set of maps from Adventure Map, and you’re good to go!

Trip Reports

If you’re looking for canoeing, kayaking or hiking routes on Crown Land, check out the Ontario Crown Land Camping section of Trip Reports. In most cases, there is a map detailing where the campsites are, how to access the starting / ending points, and what topographic maps or guidebooks you need.

Google Earth

Finally, you can use Google Earth with the Crown Land Use Policy Atlas to find specific areas of interest. You might see a large area of crown land on the atlas and then find the same area of land on Google Earth. You can then see roughly what the area looks like. For example, you might see that an old logging road leads to a lake that has a large beach on it. Interesting, very interesting.

Using the Crown Land Use Policy Atlas

Rather than me showing you screenshots and explaining what you need to do, I think watching both of these YouTube videos will be really helpful. Both videos are done by two outdoor adventurers I really admire and respect, so I’m sure you’ll take away as much from these videos as I did.

Backcountry Planning: Route Information & Resources for Ontario – Crown Land, Parks, Maps, Trip Info by Explore The Backcountry

How To Locate Crown Land To Camp On by Kevin Callan

Alternatives to Crown Land Camping

Non-operating Ontario Parks

Non-operating parks are provincial parks that have no facilities and are very similar to Ontario crown land camping. No visitors centre or park staff, no campsite reservations or permits to books, and there are no fees. In many cases, you can pack your bags and head out at a moment’s notice.

Now, not every non-operating park has camping available. Some parks are too urban or too small to accommodate camping. On the park’s website, it will list if camping is available. Check the icons at the bottom left of the park’s homepage. As you can see in the photo below, Mattawa River Provincial Park has camping available (20 campsites, to be specific) and does not require reservations.

For those parks that do allow camping, you still have to follow Ontario Parks rules (i.e. no drones), but besides that, it’s basically crown land camping. You can see all of the non-operating parks on a map here.

Here are a few non-operating parks to get the inspiration flowing:

  • Noganosh Lake PP
  • Gibson River PP
  • Algoma Headwaters PP

Conservation Reserves

Conservation reserves don’t get nearly as much attention as Crown land or Ontario Parks (though they’re actually managed by Ontario Parks and are very similar to non-operating parks). The biggest difference between a conservation reserve and non-operating provincial park is that the primary purpose of a conservation reserve is to protect ecologically sensitive, culturally or scientifically important areas, whereas non-operating parks are also meant for recreation.

Typically, conservation reserves are more strict on the kind of activity you can do on the land (i.e. absolutely no motorized activity, fishing or hunting of any kind). They tend to be smaller than Ontario Parks and there are fewer resources for finding campsites since they aren’t nearly as popular as parks.

Ontario Parks with Backcountry Registration

Next, you could consider visiting one of the Ontario Parks that doesn’t require specific campsite / lake reservations but instead requires you to register for a backcountry permit. These parks include:

  • Missinaibi River PP
  • French River PP
  • Spanish River & Biscotasi Lake PP
  • Temagami Cluster
  • Tidewater PP
  • Wabakimi PP
  • Woodland Caribou PP

The upside is that, unlike with Killarney or Algonquin, you won’t have to worry about waking up at 6:00 am to reserve your permit. I’m sure there is a limit to the number of permits they can issue, but I’ve never heard of anyone being unable to book their desired trip due to capacity.

The downside is that you’ll have to abide by park rules and pay for each night you’re in the park. And it adds up quickly – my short trip on the Missinaibi River last summer costs $100 in permits! (2 people x 5 nights x $10 per night).

Rules for Camping on Crown Land in Ontario

Just because you aren’t in a provincial or national park does not mean you can do whatever you’d like on Crown Land. The rules are super straightforward, however.

You can find a list of all of the Crown Land camping rules here.


Permits are not required for Canadians and permanent residents. Non-citizens or residents can buy a camping permit online. Last I checked, it was $10.57 per person, per night.

Length of Stay

You can camp at a single campsite for 21 days per calendar year. After 21 days, you must move to a new site at least 100 m away. This rule is in place to prevent squatting. It also ensures that many groups can enjoy the same sites throughout the year.

Leave No Trace

You cannot harm animals or plants that are protected under provincial law (i.e. don’t go picking trilliums!). Don’t leave any garbage. In fact, try to leave the site exactly as you found it.

Technically, you can cut down trees (bushcrafters love doing this). Personally, I strongly discourage this. Use deadwood to build fires and bring a tent for shelter. Sure, if one person cuts down a live tree it isn’t a big deal. But when you have multiple groups cutting down a tree every time they camp there, it’s habitat destruction. Plain and simple.

Read More: Eco Camping: Your Guide to Environmentally Sustainable Camping

Making Your Own Campsites and Trails

You can create your own campsite by brushing away pine needs and small plants to form a clearing. You can build your own fire pit with rocks and deadwood. Although not technically illegal, please don’t chop down trees to make a clearing.

You need prior approval from the Ministry of Natural Resource and Forestry to build a new trail.

Campfires, Hunting & Fishing

Many sites will already have an established firepit, though sometimes you’ll need to make your own. You can have campfires so long as there is no fire ban in place.

You can fish as long as you have a valid fishing license and aren’t in an area that prohibits fishing (usually for conservation purposes). Hunting also requires a license and there are additional requirements around the animal, season and quantity. Do your research before hunting.

Motorized Vehicles

A lot of Crown Land allows for motorized vehicles – like ATVs, motorboats and snowmobiles. Usually, the limiting factor is not whether you are allowed to or not, but in physical limitations (lack of trails and roads). Some areas do restrict access for other purposes so you may see a sign restricting access to non-motorized vehicles.

Final Thoughts on Crown Land Camping in Ontario

I hope you’ve found this post helpful and have a better idea of how to find your own crown land campsites. I know it can be daunting and intimidating (and frustrating – “just tell us the sites already!!”). But once you have your first success in planning, searching for and then camping at a campsite, it’ll all be worth it. If you have any questions, send me a message on Instagram.

And don’t forget to head over to Trip Reports and make an account! There is a free option so you can join the community – you’ll be able to ask questions about crown land / routes / gear, share photos and more. Click here to sign up and introduce yourself!

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